And the irony is that not all Pardos are are plain'o Mulatos, there are millions of Mestizos and Triracials among them. In some cases even Quaracials, because I know some Brazilians who in addition to having Euro, Amerindian, and SSA ancestry, also have Asian ancestry. .
I remember seeing a PBS documentary dealing with affirmative action in Brazil that I believe was commented on here. I noted that there were two mestizo looking kids, one upper middle class and one poor. The richer kid considered himself white and was hostile to affirmative action. The poorer girl was skeptical of it but I believe would use it to her advantage.
So questions can be asked.
1. Who is "black" in Brazil?
2. Are there several definitions of "black" depending on context?
3. Is the definition of who is "black" in Brazil changing as the movement to empower Afrodescendants gathers steam?
4. Is it that the term "indian" or "mestizo" seems to be missing (apparently captured within "pardo" except for the Amazonian indigenous groups) that is creating confusion, forcing people who are more accurately describe as mainly or partially Amerindo rather than Afro to be captured as "black".
5. Mightnt it not be more accurate to divide the "pardo" category into a "mestizo", a "mulato" and some description to describe people with mixed African and Amerindian ancestry?
I suspect that by combining black and pardo one exaggerates the size of the Afrodescendant population while negating the large numbers who are more Amerindo than Afro in ancestry.